What Is Rehabilitation? Rehabilitation (rehab for short) is a process where we treat a person addicted to specific psychoactive substances. Although there are many types of this treatment, the most common is alcohol and drug rehabilitation. Let’s explore this type in more detail.
Substance Abuse in the 21st Century
How many people have a substance abuse disorder?
In 2017, NSDUH conducted a survey on drug and substance abuse. According to their findings, over 19.7 million US citizens had some type of substance use disorder.
How many people are alcoholics?
Roughly 14.6 million or 74% of them were alcoholics.
How many people have a drug addiction?
An estimated 7.5 million or 38% battled street drug addiction.
Moreover, 1 out of 8 of the addicts was hooked on both alcohol and illicit drugs. Those numbers are from the United States alone, and they are shocking.
Early Signs of Addiction
When it comes to alcoholism, most of the early signs are easy to spot. An alcoholic will have holes in their memory. They can also feel hungover even if they didn’t drink anything. In addition, they will become irritated more easily. Alcoholics are prone to violent behavior and exhibit quick, frequent mood swings. Also, an alcoholic will give you lots of excuses for drinking often:
I need it to relax and unwind.
Oh, I can quit whenever I want.
Drinking makes me happy.
I don’t feel normal if I don’t drink.
Drug addiction has a lot of similar signs. Of course, they’re the same for both prescription and street drug abuse. For example, if we don’t feel ‘normal’ without the drug, we’re addicted to it. The same goes if our eating or sleeping habits drastically change.
Like alcoholism, drug abuse makes us isolate ourselves from family and friends. In fact, we will often find new friends who are also addicts.
There’s always one telltale sign that you’re talking to an addict. Usually, addicts are physically exhausted. They have an unkempt look with bloodshot eyes and bad breath. When they speak, they slur or babble their words. Erratic or uncharacteristic behavior is also common. Once we spot this type of behavior, we need to act fast. That’s where alcohol and drug rehabilitation comes in.
How Does Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Work?
Both alcohol and drug addicts show similar patterns of behavior. That’s why treatments for both have some of the same steps.
Addicts first have to go through detoxification. This procedure is often hard, and the best way to do it is with supervision. Addicts who go through withdrawal can be violent and erratic. More importantly, they suffer from different physical and mental issues. All we have to do is wait for the drug to leave the system. That can take anywhere between 24 and 72 hours. Once it’s done, we can start the rehab.
Types of Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation
There are two types of alcohol and drug rehabilitation:
The first type allows the addict to stay at home. They can go to work, visit friends, go out, and do whatever harmless activity they like. However, they still have to visit a rehab facility regularly.
With inpatient treatment, the addict stays at the proper facility until they get better. The most basic form of inpatient rehab is hospital treatment. As its name suggests, an addict ‘lives’ at the hospital for a certain amount of time. The doctors provide regular care and checkups there. Addicts also get medication and professional counseling.
There are two subtypes of inpatient treatment that are done outside of hospitals. Recovery housing, for example, has the addict stay in a safe, secure house. Once they’re there, they can recover from their addiction in peace and quiet. Most of the time, there will be a few similar houses in one block. That way, rehab addicts can talk to other recovering patients. It allows them to socialize in a safe environment.
Residential treatment is similar to recovery housing, with one key difference. With this treatment, an addict stays at a special facility for a while. They will receive counseling and multiple-step programs from professionals.
Do You Need More Info on Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation?
If you or your loved ones are suffering from any form of addiction, please give RehabInfo a call at 1-800-492-7848.